Wednesday, November 01, 2006


One of the main opponents of the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative, which will appear on the ballot in November, is a group known as BAMN. This is short for By Any Means Necessary, a reference to black radical Malcom X. By Any Means Necessary is in turn short for "Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action, Integration & Immigrant Rights And Fight for Equality By Any Means Necessary." (Quite a mouthful!)

This group is regularly quoted in the media in opposition to the MCRI, as in this recent article. However, the media never seems to explain exactly who this organization is and what it stands for. Awhile back, I decided to do some digging and see what I could find out about this group.


Scouring the headlines, one soon notices that BAMN is associated with radical and controversial tactics. They have filed numerous lawsuits in state and federal court attempting to prevent voters from having their say on the measure. These suits have consistently been rejected as baseless and without merit.

When the state Board of Canvassers was considering the measure, BAMN bussed in protesters from Detroit. They staged a riot at the meeting, overturning tables and yelling slogans. They succeeding in sabotaging the meeting, but a state court ordered the measure onto the ballot and held in contempt the Democratic commissioners who refused to follow the law.

Incidentally, when BAMN similarly bussed in a gang of thugs from Detroit to protest an earlier meeting, they took the opportunity to loot a Lansing convenience store.

BAMN also apparently engaged in an effort to stage the "fraud" which has been widely used as an argument against the MCRI. They publicly intimidated signers of the petition in an effort to scare up allegations of fraud. They ended up getting a Clinton-appointed federal judge to go along with their allegations.


A deeper investigation turns up even more disturbing information about BAMN. The FBI has investigated BAMN for terrorist activities. Who exactly is BAMN?

The answer: BAMN is a front group for a Trotskyist communist political party called the Revolutionary Workers League.

For anyone not versed in the history of communism, Leon Trotsky was a chief disciple of Vladimir Lenin who took part in the Russian Bolshevik Revolution. He assisted Lenin in imposing socialism on Russia and murdering millions of innocent Russians. Following Lenin's death, he lost a power struggle to another of Lenin's confidants, Joseph Stalin. He was forced to flee Russia and spent years on the run before finally being murdered by one of Stalin's agents in Mexico.

Trotskyism is one of the major variations of Marxism. The Revolutionary Workers League (RWL) is a small Trotskyist political party. This page provides background information about the history of the group. (Scroll down.) It is a communist splinter group.

Searching for information about the group turns up an old Geocities site that appears to have been abandoned. It declares:

You've reached the web site of the Revolutionary Workers League, U.S. sympathizing section of the International Trotskyist Committee (ITC).
Its logo features the classic hammer-and-sickle intertwined with the number '4'. Wikipedia describes this as the symbol of the Troskyist Fourth International.

The site features a broken link to the International Trotskyist Committee. Its "Current Campaigns" page features a number of front groups including BAMN, the Fighting Workers Slate '97, and my favorite, the Homeless Power Union. Its Areas of Organizing page features the ever-popular "Anti-Fascist Campaigns" along with "The Fight Against Racism." This page has a link to "Defend Affirmative Action by Any Means Necessary." This page has pictures of early BAMN rallies. The website also contains a manifesto entitled "Socialism and Black Liberation: A Statement by a Black Revolutionary from the Revolutionary Workers League."

RWL also had a newer version of its website at this address: When I originally investigated BAMN, this was a functioning website with similar but more up-to-date material, along with listing BAMN as amongst its campaigns. The site seems to have been taken down, and the domain has been taken over by a web-ad company. Searching for this site turns up Google caches of a few documents from the site, including this partial history of trotskyism.


But how do we really know that BAMN is affiliated with RWL? In this section, I am indebted to the research of moderately liberal blogger Rob Goodspeed, who formerly attended the University of Michigan. He has complied a page of information on BAMN.

Goodspeed has written a report criticizing BAMN which provides significant evidence that BAMN is a front for RWL. In addition, he has assembled a sheet documenting the extensive overlap between RWL's various fronts and proving that the same people run RWL and BAMN. He has also assembled a list of links to news stories documenting BAMN's activities over the years.

A recent article in Front Page Magazine confirms some of this information.

One of RWL/BAMN's leaders, Luke Massie, confirmed to an acquaintance of mine that he is a Trotskyist.


Before its current activities in Michigan, BAMN had an affiliate in Berkeley, California during the years when Proposition 209, the model for the MCRI, was a hot issue. Examining its activities there provides more interesting information. This page contains a list of links to BAMN's activities in California.

Interestingly, BAMN's activities included disrupting another pro-affirmative action group. They also tried to take over a local teachers union. BAMN has a long history of using violence in pursuit of its goals.

So what is BAMN really up to? Goodspeed's theory, which I find likely, is that BAMN's agenda has nothing to do with "affirmative action." Instead, RWL is following the time-tested communist tactic of creating front groups to draw in unsuspecting people who they can use to do their work for them and attempt to radicalize and recruit to the Trotskyist cause.

For this to succeed, it needs to be the only available option for pro-affirmative action activism, which explains its attempts to disrupt other such groups.


BAMN has had a fair amount of success in getting support from "mainstream" liberal groups. With the exception of a few liberal bloggers, the left seems to have adopted a united front attitude--that is, no group on the left will ever be criticized.

A search of the website of One United Michigan, the "mainstream" anti-MCRI group, shows no condemnation of BAMN. BAMN receives only a few (relatively favorable) mentions in copied news articles.

To my knowledge, the information about BAMN's communist affiliations has never appeared in a mainstream media newspaper in Michigan (I'm not counting college newspapers). I have seen the group mentioned dozens, if not hundreds, of times. These references are usually neutral or favorable. Why doesn't the vaunted watchdog press expose this group for what it is?

If the MCRI were secretly being sponsored by David Duke, you can bet that the media would make sure that this was reported far and wide. As it is, opponents of the MCRI have attempted to demonize the supporters of the MCRI as a bunch of Californians. As I have written, it's not true, but that's another story.

It doesn't appear the BAMN has succeeded in recruiting many members to RWL. But they are having a real impact on the debate over racial preferences in Michigan. If Michigan had the liberal activist judges of New Jersey or Massachusetts, BAMN may well have succeeded in stopping the people from having their say.

Of course, Trotskyists aren't likely to take over Michigan any time soon. But thanks to the media and liberal organizations, they are having a real political impact in Michigan. It would seem that liberals have no problem with that.


Anonymous said...

Thank you for all your research on BAMN. You've turned up a number of interesting links that Michigan voters might want to consider in evaluating BAMN's anti-MCRI position and its association with One "United" Michigan.

Frederick Glaysher
Why Voters Should Approve the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative

Anonymous said...

One week till the election and Stabenow and Granholm both have leads well beyond the margin of error. :-(

Something better happen quick... an "october suprise" if you will.

I'm really kicking myself for not changing my address so I could vote for Tom and Tom George. But nonetheless... I sent in my absentee ballot, voting for my republican candidates... that will get creamed in Flint.

Anonymous said...

This morning it occurs to me that anyone interested in tracking down BAMN ought to know that a U of M president praises BAMN in its earlier incarnation as BAM in 1970:

"That 10 percent goal grew out of a 1970 protest at Michigan known as the Black Action Movement, or BAM. BAM was organized by students who called for a student strike to force the point that they wanted to see more black faces on our campus. Our African-American enrollment at the time was 3 percent, and a target of 10 percent seemed possible. The goal was endorsed by more than just our regents – it was favored by the faculty leadership and by the governor of the state, William Milliken."

It's my belief that both BAMN and BAM are historically related, though I don't know it for sure. BAM was responsible for the 1970 protest closing down classes at U. of M. See my blog for more comments on BAMN.

Frederick Glaysher
Why Voters Should Approve the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative

Anonymous said...

As a black republican involved in this election on a statewide campaign, truely your disrespect towards Malcolm X could be phrased differently. "...a reference to black radical Malcolm X." In your uneducated mind, sure he could be seen as a radical. Just like the pioneers of our constitution, Cesar Chavez, even the great Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was said to be a radical. Know your history before you speak on it boy. With that being said, I enjoy your blogs and try to read them daily. MCRI is a step in the right direction towards equality.

A.J. said...

Thank you very much for your readership and your comments. I'm glad that you appreciate our blog, even when you disagree with what's written on occasion. That being said, I would like to defend both and Allan and Malcolm X, if that's possible.
Malcolm X was indeed a radical for most of his (which he talks about frequently in his autobigraphy), and never more so than when he converted to Islam, and became a mouthpiece for the Nation of Islam here in the US. It wasn't until after he made his Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca and his learning of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammed's adulteries, that his eyes were opened to the true spirit of Islam. He realized that his militance and that of the Nation was not in line with precepts of the Muslim faith. Shortly after converting to Sunni Islam, while he was fighting the same fight with less militant tactics, he was gunned down by three men, one of which admitted to being a member of the Nation, who felt he had turned his back on them.
It is truly unfortunate that he came to real Islam too late, and that he was not able to fight his fight in a diplomatic manner. If he were still alive, I think he could teach "civil rights leaders" like Sharpton and Jackson a lesson in humility. Then again, they could probably teach him about political and media opportunism.

Anonymous said...

What is most outrageous is that while the mainstream media was all over the supposed Ward Connerly and KKK issue, it has not spent one drop of ink on the close coordination that exists between One United Michigan and the radicals of BAMN.

OUM's last TV ad of the campaignw as devoted entirely to perpetuating a BAMN fabricated lie. Imagine the media outrage if MCRI were actually spreading KKK concocted lies?

Or, where is the media reporting on the fact that among the groups endorsing OUM is the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR). US Senators have accused CAIR of being a front for the Mid-East terror group Hamas.

Imagine the outrage there would be if a Hamas front group was supporting the MCRI.

Tom Gagne said...

Now BAMN is bringing its racially-divisive intimidation campaign to Ferndale.